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Tendinitis & Bursitis

Inflammation of the Tendon and Bursa Often Associated with Overuse

Tendinitis is inflammation of tissues connecting muscle to bone; Bursitis is inflammation of bursae sacks acting as cushions between joints.

Tendinitis & Bursitis Facts & Information

These conditions are inflammation of the soft tissue around muscles and bones. Treatment often includes RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation). Signs which require immediate treatment would include rapid progression of pain, redness and swelling, or the inability to move the joint or extremity.

Tendons are cord-like structures that connect muscle to bone. Tendons are thicker and denser than muscle and transmit force from the muscle to the bone. Tendinitis is often tender to touch.

Bursae are small sacs that are situated between the bone and tendon to help protect them from frequent movement, which can result in fraying and stress. When a bursa is inflamed, it becomes very painful with movement or touch.

How & Why Tendinitis & Bursitis Develop

Tendinitis or bursitis can occur from an acute injury, but most often are related to chronic overuse. This is often associated with what one calls repetitive stress injury. Examples would include improper position when painting for long periods of time, using a keyboard, chopping wood, etc. Another example is a tennis player relying on a one-handed backhand.

Certain diseases can cause tendinitis or bursitis such as gout, pseudogout, and blood or kidney disease.

Certain medications are also associated with tendinitis or tendon rupture such as fluoroquinolone antibiotics and cholesterol-lowering medications (statins).

Symptoms

The most common symptoms of tendinitis and bursitis are as follows:

  • Inflammation around joint areas (elbow, shoulder, or knee)
  • Redness and swelling
  • Tenderness to touch or movement of the joint

Diagnosis

Proper diagnosis starts with an experienced physician. The type of pain that you may have with bursitis or tendinitis can be similar to the symptoms of several types of disorders. Accurately determining the correct source of your pain is critical to successful treatment.

  • Begins with a thorough clinical evaluation
  • Including a complete medical history, analysis of your symptoms, and physical examination
  • Testing may include x-rays, MRI and/or CT scans, etc.

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